NETGEAR - Stacking Switchs

The Views Expressed Below Do not in any way reflect Internal Doctorine or Official Statements of Netgear Inc. These are just my notes - Use at your own Risk.

This site is intended to be for educational purposes. I'm not here to plagiarizer or copy any one.


by:  kossboss

Stacking Models (GS & FS)

•Stack only by itself:
–GS752TXS: only stacks with itself
•Stack with each other:
–GS728TS,GS752TS,GS728TPS,GS752TPS
–GS724TS,GS748TS,GS724TPS,GS748TPS
–FS728TS, FS752TS, FS752TPS
•Up to 6 units, If over: Master – ON, Others – Off
•Rule of thumb:
–GS752TXS only by itself
–28s with 52s
–and 24s with 48s (divisible by 2)
–GS goes with GS, and FS only goes with FS

Stacking Models (GSM)
•Stack only by itself:
–GSM7328S-v1 & GSM7352S-v1
•Stack with each other:
–GSM7328FS, GSM7328S, and GSM7352S
–GSM7328S-v2, GSM7352S-v2, GSM7228PS, and GSM7252PS
•If GSM7228PS or GSM7252PS is master: then IPv4(OSPF,RIP,PIM,IGMP) and IPv6(Routing, PIM,MLD) don’t work
•If GSM7328S-v2 or GSM7352S-v2 then work
–New Firmware Allows: GSM7328S-v2, GSM7352S-v2, GSM7328S-v1, GSM7352S-v1, GSM7328FS, GSM7228PS, GSM7252PS
•Up to 8 switches
–BW: 12 Gbps unidirection - chain, 24 Gbps bidirectional - ring

Stacking Models (FSM)
•Stacks by it self:
–FSM750S – end of life switch
•Stack with each other:
–FSM7226RS and FSM7250RS
–FSM7328S, FSM7328PS, FSM7352S, FSM7352PS
•Rule of thumb:
–28s and 52s go together
–RS’s go with eachother

Stacking Models (XSM)
•Only 1 XSM switch in the market: XSM7224S
•Up to four XSM7224S can be stacked together
•Can’t mix with anything else




SIDE-NOTE: What else can stack?
•WC7520 – up to 3 and 150 access points (20 APs built in, but each controller can support additional 30 APs by licensing)
•Readydata 5200 – The main unit 2U with two 4U expansion units.
–2U = 12 drives (Each U means units, a U = 6 drives)
–4U = 24 drives
–2U + 4U = 36 drives and 2U + 4U + 4U = 60 drives


Port Type
•Ethernet or SFP
•Combo Ports
–One or the Other
–45T, 46T, 47T, 48T
–45F, 46F, 47F, 48F
•SFP+ = Stacking




Modules and Cables
•Switch Product Specs -> Modules
•Module Product Specs & Overview -> Cables
•Lots of options: 15 Modules
–AX742 Stacking Kit – AX742 Modules with AX724 Cable
–2 HDMI ports on units for stacking


Firmware & Boot Code
•1st Priority: Firmware Match
•2nd Priority: Newest Firmware
•GS/FS you have to update the Firmware and Bootcode manually and seperately before 5.x.x, future plans both are combined in 1 update file
•GSM/FSM firmware and bootcode update together = Archive

Firmware on GS/FS
•If device is on old FW: make sure you jump up to the first FW in each Major Number until you get to the newest FW. Update the boot-code between FW updates when needed by looking at the Release Notes.
•Boot-codes & interims are found in the first revision/FW of each Major Number
–5.0.0.21 ß boot code here
–5.0.0.23
–5.1.0.2
–5.2.0.5
•Sometimes there is Interim FW versions: need to be on that to cross huge Major numbers like v3.x.x.x to v5.x.x.x
–Ex: 3.1.0 with boot code 1.0.1.0
–new boot-code -> 3.1.0 int -> 5.0 fw -> newest 5.0 fw (5.2.0.5)
Firmware on GS/FS cont.
•Rule of thumb:
–Update the Boot code first
•1.0.1.5 boot code = GS7xx_boot-1015.rfb
–Then to the interim firmware
•3.1.0 interim = GS7xxTS-V310int.ros
–Then to the first revision of the major number
•5.0.0.23 firmware = GS700TPS_TS-V50023.ros
–Then to the newest within that major number
•5.2.0.5 firmware = GS7xxTPS_TS-V5.2.0.5.ros


Firmware on GS/FS cont.
•Rule of thumb:
–Update the Boot code first
•1.0.1.5 boot code = GS7xx_boot-1015.rfb
–Then to the interim firmware
•3.1.0 interim = GS7xxTS-V310int.ros
–Then to the first revision of the major number
•5.0.0.23 firmware = GS700TPS_TS-V50023.ros
–Then to the newest within that major number
•5.2.0.5 firmware = GS7xxTPS_TS-V5.2.0.5.ros

FW/BC Updating How To From GUI
•Maintaince -> Download
•HTTP: just browse
–TFTP:
•get tftpd32
•Set default folder to folder where files (fw and bc) are
•Set tftp server folder to where files (fw and bc) are
•Set security to none
•GS/FS: Bootcode and Firmware
•GSM/FSM: Archive = includes both

FW/BC Updating How To From GUI
•Maintaince -> Download
•HTTP: just browse
–TFTP:
•get tftpd32
•Set default folder to folder where files (fw and bc) are
•Set tftp server folder to where files (fw and bc) are
•Set security to none
•GS/FS: Bootcode and Firmware
•GSM/FSM: Archive = includes both

FW/BC Updating How To From CLI
•Only on GSM/FSM/XSM
  # show hardware or # show bootvar or # show version
  # copy tftp://192.168.1.10/gsmnew.stk image 2
  # copy image2 unit://*/image2 – Run if stacked
  # copy image2 image1
  # copy image2 unit://*/image1 – Run if stacked
  # reload
  # show hardware or # show bootvar or # show version

FW/BC Updating How To From CLI cont.
•If says bootcode mismatch after update
–# update bootcode
–Via Boot Menu
•have to be connected via SERIAL into the switch
•Pull power, plug back in
•START BOOT MENU (hit number 2 and ENTER)
•BOOTCODE UPDATE (hit number 8 and ENTER)
  
Configure the IP Addresses
•Configure each switch in incremental order for the IPs
–Unit1 (Top, Master): 10.0.0.10 /24
–Unit2 (Backup Master): 10.0.0.11 /24
–Unit3: 10.0.0.12 /24
–Unit4: 10.0.0.13 /24
•GUI: System -> Management -> Network Interface -> IPv4
•CLI: in config mode
–# network protocol none
–# network parms 10.0.0.11 255.255.255.0 10.0.0.1
IP SUBNET MASK GATEWAY

Configure Stack Ports
•First step is to find out what ports are stack/ethernet ports
•Then change Configuration to the right type:
–Stack: used for stacking
–Ethernet: used to connect with other devices
•Reboot: Apply the Configuration to Running config

GUI Configure Stack Ports GS/FS/GSM/XSM
•Process about the same on all of them from GUI
•System Tab -> Stacking Sub Tab -> Advanced->
–Stack Configuration: change the Unit ID of each switch from here.
–Stack Port Configuration: Configuring ports for stacking or ethernet
–Stack Port Diagnostics: shows traffic counters to make sure stacking is properly working 

GUI Configure Stack Ports GS/FS/GSM/XSM cont.
•System -> Stacking -> Advanced -> Stack Port Configuration
•Configured Stack Mode: Ethernet or Stack
•Running Stack Mode: Ethernet or Stack
•Link Status: Down or Up
•RESTART THE DEVICE FOR CONFIG TO TAKE OVER RUNNING





CLI Configure Stack Ports GSM/FSM/XSM
# show stack-port == to see what ports to stack with and take note of interface and unit number.
# show stack-port counters == to see traffic
# config == enter configure mode
# stack == enter stack mode
# stack-port 2/0/28 ethernet == turn port 28 on unit 2 to ethernet
# exit == get out of stack mode
# exit == get out of configure mode so that we can reboot
# reload == reboots the switch so the configuration can take over
Power off and Set up
•Once the stack ports are set up and the firmware and bootcode are right and your ready to Stack the units:
–Power off all the Switches
–Cable the stack in the Ring or Chain Topology
•Using up down ports. Up going to the switch above and down going to the switch below.
•With the remaining stacking ports bring back around for ring topology or else leave it as a chain topology
–Turn on each switch one by one from top (Stack Master) to bottom waiting for each to completely boot up before powering on the next one
–(Optional): Fix the numbering assignments if needed and restart the stack
•System->Stacking->Advanced->Stack Configuration
•Requires Reboot
Cabling
•Ring – loops     around like this diagram below
•Chain  –Remove this wire (the one with the red arrow pointing to it)
Renumbering (Optional)
•If units come up with the wrong Unit Ids
•For example top to bottom: 3,2,1,4
•(Optional): Fix the numbering assignments if needed and restart the stack
–System -> Stacking -> Advanced -> Stack Configuration
–Select Unit, Change Number, Hit apply
–Requires Reboot
Switching – Stacking – Summary
•Make sure switchs can stack with each other based on the model number
•Matching Firmware then Newest Firmware
•Order and increment IP: 10.0.0.10,10.0.0.11, etc.
•Verify Ports are used for stacking and change if not
•Turn off all switches
•Cable up in chain or ring topology
•Turn on in order, waiting until each switch loads before turning on the next one
•Renumber if necessary
Ċ
STACKING.pdf
(1437k)
koss boss,
Sep 16, 2012, 5:39 AM
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